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Equipping Your Home Recording Studio - A free download from Audio Masterclass

An Introduction to Compression: Basic Compression - A free download from Audio Masterclass

An Introduction to Equalization - A free download from Audio Masterclass

Can your virtual orchestra imitate a real one exactly?

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What exactly does the phrase 'leave headroom for mastering' mean?

You don't need to be a good singer to succeed as a performer

Is there such a thing as a loudspeaker that doesn't sound like a loudspeaker?

Silencing a crackly guitar volume control

Demonstrating the Waves J37 analog tape emulation plug-in and comparison with a real tape recorder

Q: Can I use a low-pass filter to remove noise from my recording?

This voice over studio looks like something out of Monty Python

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A description of the technology and function of audio faders as found in mixing consoles.

The faders of the channels and groups of a mixing console control the levels of the signals to the multitrack recorder and to the mix.

The fader itself cannot boost the signal level, it can only reduce it. There is usually an amplifier before the fader with a fixed 10 dB gain.

At its zero position, the fader itself lowers the signal level by 10 dB giving a resultant gain of 0 dB.

The fader has no influence over whether an individual signal is distorted or not. If the signal in a particular channel is distorted, the gain setting is too high. Lowering the fader will simply lower the level of the distortion.

It is important to remember that if a channel is routed to the mix, then it adds noise to the mix - even if the fader is pulled all the way down.

By David Mellor Wednesday May 21, 2003