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This is an Expert Village video about how to put together a home recording studio with various pieces of equipment, specifically the microphone. The speaker talks about various types of microphones or how to set it up and related pieces of equipment.
The speaker, a person in sweats and a beanie, is sitting in the middle in what seems to be a music studio with various pieces of recording equipment around him. He starts off the video with a bit on the different types: omnidirectional microphones, which pick up sound from all sides, while bidirectional microphones take sound from either side of the microphone. The last type is the cardioid microphone, which takes sounds from an algebraic curve that takes sound from the edges and a sweet spot. These are generally the three types one will need when building equipment for a recording studio at home.
Aside from microphones, other pieces of equipment needed for a home recording studio include a microphone stand, XLR cables, a three-pin cable, which delivers phantom power to the unit. These cables are usually required in almost any kind of home recording system microphones. Another important recording equipment is the preamp, which is needed by units that require phantom power. Preamps can be cheap but there are very expensive preamps as well. There are control interfaces that are designed to have a microphone preamp in them, which include Protools, interfaces, to name a few. Preamps are need in order to record digital signals from the computer.
About 1.08 minutes into the video, the speaker talks about the need for a pop filter or spit guard, a footage of which is shown in the video. The pop filter prevents the sound from being overpowered by the vocals, spreads the vocals over a wider area so that it does not come out in one concentrated burst, and protects the microphone from saliva. The speaker also suggests tilting the microphone at an angle towards the person speaking or singing to enunciate the sound.