Facebook social media iconTwitter social media iconInstagram social media iconSubmit to Reddit

An Introduction to Equalization - A free download from Audio Masterclass

Equipping Your Home Recording Studio - A free download from Audio Masterclass

An Introduction to Compression: Basic Compression - A free download from Audio Masterclass

Mixing: Where to start? - The vocal?

Do digital signals degrade at higher levels?

"R&B Beat " by NeezythaDon

Is your audio interface fast enough?

Develop your DAW skills by making a ringtone using edits and crossfades

Why haven't you had a Hot 100 hit yet?

'Groove' - is it all-important, or does the band just have to play the way they feel?

"Day After Day (Xenochron)" by Pink Jimi Photon

How to insult a sound engineer [with video]

This one simple mistake will lose you a third of your songwriting royalties - with video

What are the small faders for on a mixing console?

A description of the technology and function of the small faders found in inline monitoring mixing consoles.

Since we are considering an inline console, each channel module has two signal paths:

  • The input signal, which is the signal from the mic that is being recorded to multitrack
  • The monitor signal, which is the output of a single track of the multitrack recorder, the track number of which corresponds to the channel number (usually).

On some consoles, the small fader is normally set to control the level of the monitor signal. So the large faders are used to set recording levels to multitrack, and a temporary monitor mix is set up on the small faders.

On other consoles, this - as a normal condition - is reversed. All inline consoles allow the input and monitor signal paths to be 'flipped', i.e. reversed.

At this point, it is worth saying that the other facilities of the channel can be allocated to either the input or monitor signal paths, or shared.

So for example, you could place the EQ in the input signal path if you wanted to EQ the signal before it went down to tape.

On the other hand if you wanted to record the signal flat, you could put the EQ in the monitor path and use it to temporarily sweeten the monitor mix.

This applies to the dynamics section and auxiliary sends too.

By David Mellor Friday June 6, 2003